Effectiveness of a hospital-based postnatal parent education intervention about pain management during infant vaccination: a randomized controlled trial
Parents have reported that they want to learn how to reduce pain in infants during vaccinations. The objective was to compare different levels of intensity of postnatal education about pain mitigation on parental self-reported use of interventions at future infant vaccinations. Hospital-based postnatal education increased parental use of pain interventions at infant vaccinations and can be added to existing education.
Offers tips and information to parents to help reduce children's pain and stress during immunizations.
Pain from vaccine injections is common, and concerns about pain contribute to vaccine hesitancy across the lifespan. Non-compliance with vaccination compromises the individual and community benefits of immunization by contributing to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Individuals may also engage in broader noncompliant behaviours if they acquire a fear of needles as a result of negative vaccination experiences. There are many evidence-based treatments to mitigate pain at the time of vaccination; however, most are not routinely used. The current guideline expands on and updates the 2010 guideline with recommendations across the lifespan. This enhanced scope led to a revised team name of HELPinKids&Adults. The intended audience is all health care providers who administer vaccine injections.
Injections for vaccinations, the most common source of iatrogenic pain in childhood, are administered repeatedly to almost all Canadian children throughout infancy, childhood and adolescence. The pain associated with such injections is a source of distress for children, their parents and those administering the injections. . . . Minimizing pain during childhood vaccination can help to prevent distress, development of needle fears and subsequent health care avoidance behaviours. . . . Our objective was to develop a clinical practice guideline . . . to assist clinicians in managing procedure-related pain and distress among children undergoing vaccine injections.
Proceedings from a workshop held January 28, 2008, University of Toronto, Toronto. Includes executive summary, main messages, summary of presentations, review of interventions and techniques, target groups for knowledge translation and recommendations.